Category Archive: pedia news

Apr
22

Milk allergy linked to low bone density in children

According to a study published in the journal Pediatrics, children with persistent cow’s milk allergy have a lower bone mineral density (BMD) and calcium intake before puberty compared with prepubertal children with food allergies other than cow’s milk. [Source: Pediatrics 19 April 2016]

Apr
21

Maternal depression affects health and development of children

Although inquiring/screening about maternal depression has increased since 2004, less than half of pediatricians usually screen or inquire about maternal depression, representing a missed opportunity to identify depression and manage or refer women for treatment. Further training on the importance of mental and family health to children’s health may increase identification of maternal depression in …

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Apr
19

Oligosaccharides from milk glycoproteins enrich infant-associated bifidobacteria

Milk, in addition to nourishing the neonate, provides a range of complex glycans which enrich milk-oriented microbiome. A recent study has shown that N-linked glycoproteins from milk serve as selective substrates for the enrichment of infant-borne bifidobacteria. The study also suggests that these may serve as novel prebiotic substrates with selective properties similar to those …

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Apr
16

Drop in air pollution reduces bronchitis in kids

Studies suggest that decrease in concentrations of nitrogen dioxide; ozone, PM10, and PM2.5 were associated with statistically significant decreases in bronchitis symptoms in children with and without asthma. The study was involved 4602 children (age range, 5-18 years) in southern California. [Source: JAMA April 12, 2016]

Apr
15

Lung ultrasound safe for diagnosing pneumonia in children

A study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine, Mount Sinai has shown lung ultrasound to be safer and more effective than X-ray for pneumonia diagnosis in children. The study carried out on 191 children below age 21, showed no increase in adverse events and missed no pneumonia case. [Source: Chest Journal 26 Feb 2016]

Apr
13

Preterm infants can be immunized safety without increased risk for respiratory decompensation

Respiratory decompensation requiring clinical intervention after immunization of preterm infants both with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia was uncommon and not significantly different between groups, says a study published online April 11 in the journal Pediatrics. The study evaluated a retrospective cohort of premature infants at

Apr
12

Autism Awareness Day: No Change in Autism rate

According to CDC reports, autism rate was 1 in 68 children in 2012 and 2010. Research published in the Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, showed that technology helped identify children with autism from children without autism but with other developmental issues like ADHD, anxiety and intellectual disabilities. The CDC recommends that …

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Apr
11

Utility of decision rules for transcutaneous bilirubin measurements

Although all of the decision rules can be used effectively to screen newborns for jaundice, each will “miss” some infants with a total serum bilirubin (TSB) level at/above the phototherapy threshold, according to a study reported online April 6, 2016 in the journal Pediatrics. The three decision rules tested were: Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) levels at …

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Apr
06

Human Metapneumovirus Season Identified

Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) begins circulating in the winter and lasts until spring, and the HMPV season overlaps with the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza seasons, but peaks after the other two viruses, suggests new report published April 4 in Pediatrics. HMPV was first identified in 2001 and is associated with an estimated 20,000 hospitalizations …

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Apr
03

Study suggests bringing back whole-cell pertussis vaccine

Haedi DeAngelis, MA, from New Mexico State University at Las Cruces, and colleagues have proposed that switching to a whole-cell pertussis (wP) priming strategy could reduce incidence of whooping cough by up to 95% and an estimated 95% reduction in quality-adjusted life-years lost with a switch to the combined strategy. They suggest that an alternative …

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